Upaya Peningkatan Value Afval di PT.X

Yunita Ratnadewi


PT X is a manufacturing company engaged in the production of cosmetics. Afvals in PT X are production leftovers from the company’s primary products, such as bottle, compact, pot, cap, and lipstick. The afvals are differentiated into four categories: A, B, C, and D. Afvals “A” (class I afval) are clean and not contaminated by other materials such as dust, dirt, and oil. Afvals “B”, “C”, and “D” (class II afval) are contaminated by those materials. Afvals “A” have higher selling price than the other types of afvals. The purpose of this research is to increase the amount of afvals “A” by reducing the amount of class II afval. This research was done by doing some observation in the production line that produce afvals and using five whys method to analyze the source of afval. The improvements were made by using 5W 2H technique. The improvement that already implemented was sorting the decorated and plain products in the assembly area, by assembly operator. The sorting time already consider the idle time of the assembly operator. As results, afvals “A” was increase by 0.5% afvals “D” was decrease by 1.6%.


afval; five whys technique; 5W 2H; sorting

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